In the 1950s and ’60s, the world was awash with radar and other instruments measuring the positions and positions of the Earth’s surface.
But the era of radar-based space exploration ended with the end of World War II.
The first human spacecraft flew into space in 1958.
A decade later, the Soviets launched Sputnik 1, an unmanned space probe that launched to orbit the Earth and, eventually, landed in the Atlantic Ocean.
With a Soviet space telescope and Soviet rocket boosters, Sputniks 1 and 2 reached a peak altitude of about 3,000 kilometers.
After Sputnks 1, the Soviet Union also launched Sputtnik 3, an even larger satellite that orbited Earth for the next 30 years.
In the 1970s, America was still in space, but its space program had begun to falter.
The United States, with a total of only nine operational satellites, had spent much of its time in low Earth orbit, far from Earth’s protective atmosphere.
It was still possible to launch satellites into space, though, thanks to the European Space Agency’s Ariane rocket.
In 1989, the American government approved a proposal to launch Ariane 5 rockets from French Guiana and Luxembourg.
The French and Luxembourg governments had signed agreements with the Soviet Space Agency to launch Russian satellites into orbit, and the United States and France agreed to cooperate on launching Russian rockets.
By the late 1990s, American space technology was advancing faster than the Soviet.
In 1999, American astronaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space.
With the help of European and Russian satellites, Gagkin flew into orbit atop an Ariane 4 rocket, setting an American record for the highest altitude, at over 13,000 meters.
The American space program was on a trajectory to achieve a space station in the late 2030s.
By then, the United Nations had established the International Space Station, and Europe had set up the European Regional Development Center.
Europe had spent years building a network of space stations around the world, including the orbiting Russian Soyuz rocket.
The European Space Center (ESC) was a European space agency with offices in France, Belgium, Spain, Italy, and Denmark.
The ESC was charged with building and operating the European Spaceport in Low Earth Orbit.
The project’s first space station, a two-story complex in the town of Ariane, was inaugurated in September 1999.
Since then, dozens of European space stations have been built in low earth orbit, from the French spaceport to the Russian Soyukov.
The new European Spaceports are intended to provide a low-cost, modular approach to building and launching satellites, rather than a costly complex, and provide a reliable means of providing satellites with power, cooling, and other facilities.
The spaceports can be used for short-duration missions, as long as they are designed for an eventual return to Earth.
They also can be configured to house European satellites in geostationary orbit.
A typical European spaceport, in the French Guina, serves as the spaceport for European satellites.
Image credit: ESA / E. K. Wijnenstraet / NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center The first European spaceport, called the Spaceport Nouvelles, was opened in July 2002.
The site is situated near the city of Marseille, France, and contains two buildings, one a parking garage, the other a satellite manufacturing facility.
A public plaza sits in the center of the site, with parking spaces for cars and motorcycles.
The park is used by the local community to observe and celebrate the space program.
After a decade of construction, the site has hosted over 10,000 tourists and several hundred scientists.
The next phase of the Spaceport Nouvellas is the spaceporter Spaceport de la L’Épée, which opened in September 2011.
The building houses a complex of facilities for launching European satellites into geostationsary orbit, which are a high altitude, low Earth Orbit orbit.
Image credits: ESA, ESA, NASA- Marshall Space Flight Core, NASA / JPL-Caltech, NASA The first spaceporters are located in the city near Marseille.
The Spaceporter Nouvellés is in the same city, with two buildings.
The structure is designed to house a large number of European satellites, as well as for future operations.
The buildings have a central plaza with a pedestrian plaza.
A park has been constructed for tourists and scientists.
Image Credit: ESA The first three spacepters in the Spacemaster de la Ronde, built in the village of Bordeaux, are located about one hour’s drive north of Marseilles.
Image source: NASA / ETA The first Spaceport is located in Bordeux, France.
A satellite manufacturing complex is located at the center,