By David Walsh, National Post reporter and Globe and Mail columnistPublished December 19, 2018, 11:30amA new global climate instrument measuring the sun’s energy output is being developed by the Canadian Space Agency, NASA and other scientific agencies to better understand how the world is warming and to help scientists predict how global temperatures will change over the next decade.
Researchers at the University of Waterloo have created the International Climate Measurement Instrument (ICMI) using a combination of data from satellite observations and measurements from ground stations.
The instrument will be the first in the world to measure the suns energy output using data collected by the International Solar Energy Institute.
ICMI is based on the European Geosciences Union’s EGU Solar Energy and Energy Efficiency Instrument (SEMIE), and was launched by the European Space Agency (ESA) on the Italian island of Sardinia.
“We were looking at the sun, which is a major source of energy for the earth, and it turns out that the sun is also the source of the heat that we get from our atmosphere, so we know that if we can understand the sun and how it interacts with our atmosphere that we can predict the heat in the atmosphere, and that’s very exciting,” said Stephen McLean, a research scientist in the Climate Science Division at the Space Science Institute at the Carnegie Institution for Science, and lead author of a paper on the instrument.
McLean said that scientists will need to get data from the instruments to determine how much the sun emits in a given time period, and how much it contributes to global warming.
“There are so many different kinds of instruments that are measuring these things, and we’re starting to see that a lot of different kinds are measuring different things,” he said.ICMI will be measuring solar energy using a new instrument called the sun-observed-energy (SIE) instrument, developed by NASA and the European Commission.
This instrument is much smaller than previous instruments, which use the sun as a light source, and uses a combination, including a coronagraph, of radar waves and infrared light to measure how much energy is emitted.
ICMPE will be collecting this energy, which it uses to estimate the sunspot cycle.
The solar cycle is a long period of sunspots, when the sun makes many different types of geomagnetic storms that change the shape of the planet’s magnetic field.
Scientists can predict how the sun will behave over the course of a solar cycle by studying these events.
“So what’s great about the sun has been that we have a lot more data than we have ever had before, but we haven’t had as many instruments to measure it,” McLean said.
“It’s exciting to have this opportunity.”
Researchers at Waterloo used a combination data collection and measurements techniques to create the instrument, which they say will be useful for monitoring the sun over the coming decades.
“It’s important to have a good understanding of how much heat we’re adding to the atmosphere because that’s one of the factors that influences climate change,” said Peter Davenport, an atmospheric scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
“This is really the first one that is really measuring this, so that will help us make better predictions of the impacts of climate change.”
The instrument was designed to take a combination GPS and radar data and measure solar energy.
The data will help researchers understand how much solar energy is coming from the sun.
A combination of the radar data, GPS and solar observations can provide an accurate picture of the sun for a variety of applications, such as weather forecasting, oceanography, ocean-atmosphere interaction, space weather prediction, ocean circulation, satellite weather prediction and climate monitoring.
The instrument is expected to be deployed in mid-2020, but McLean says that it will be available for a longer time.
“There are some things that are going to take longer to get there,” he told The Globe and Mediastate.
“We’ll start to see it deployed in 2019, which will give us a chance to get a really good idea of the kind of data that we will get.”ICMI is expected, by 2029, to be able to measure solar intensity, or how much sunlight is reflected from the surface of the earth and returned to space, as well as how much surface heat is being radiated into space, and to determine the intensity of clouds and other climate phenomena.
McKillans work on the new instrument will also be the focus of a future NASA research project that is being led by University of Washington Professor Mark Maslin.
“This is a pretty interesting research project for us, because we’re interested in understanding how solar energy impacts our climate,” Maslin said.
Maslin is also working on a similar instrument for the European Southern Observatory (ESO), which is scheduled to launch in 2020.
“That’s going to