The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is launching two new satellite systems that measure the weather with high accuracy and low power consumption.
The NOAA Space Weather Prediction System (SWPS) and the Weather Prediction and Management System (WPS) will be launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida in 2018.
The satellites will measure the amount of precipitation and clouds and the temperature of the atmosphere and other atmospheric features.
Both satellites will be powered by the same technology that has been used by NASA for decades to monitor the effects of climate change.
The NASA Space Weather Center at Johnson Space Center, based at the agency’s Johnson Space Flight Center in Houston, Texas, is one of the world’s largest and most comprehensive satellite observatories.
It has been operating since the mid-1990s.
The SWPS satellites will provide scientists with unprecedented access to the Earth’s weather system, which includes all the weather elements that make up the climate, including cloud cover, wind speed, and the strength of solar and volcanic eruptions.
It will also provide global weather forecasting information for regions and continents where it is impossible to measure the atmosphere directly.
The WPS satellites are intended to provide global monitoring of weather systems and atmospheric changes for the global public.
In addition to measuring precipitation and wind speeds, the satellites will monitor cloud cover and the atmosphere, including the effect of volcanoes on the air.
These two satellites will complement the current NASA-led Global Weather Satellite Program, which uses two weather satellites to provide information on climate change and weather patterns around the globe.NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said in a statement, “We have taken the unprecedented step of partnering with NOAA to offer two very different approaches to delivering the world with weather that is as accurate as it can be.”
The two satellites are slated to launch in 2019 and 2020, respectively, with a target date of 2024.
Both of the satellites have been designed to be weather-monitoring satellites.
The first satellite, SWPS 1, was designed by Boeing, which is based in St. Louis.
The other, SWTS 2, is being built by Aerojet Rocketdyne, which operates the Atlas V rocket for the U.S. Air Force.
Both satellites will operate at altitudes of between 500 and 3,500 kilometers (311 and 2,634 miles), with an operational lifetime of between seven and 14 years.
The satellite system will be able to provide up to 10,000 measurements per day.
The mission of the SWPS satellite system was first proposed by NASA in 2010.
The agency asked Boeing to design a satellite to be capable of carrying out its mission and that the two companies would share design information.
The project was awarded a $6.7 billion contract from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the SWTS satellite system in 2020.
The $1.8 billion SWPS 2 contract was awarded in 2021.
The first two satellites, SWSP2 and SWPS1, are scheduled to launch with the second satellite, WPS, in 2022.